PLATELET RICH PLASMA (PRP)

Platelet rich plasma (PRP) is a by-product of blood (plasma) that is rich in platelets. Until now, its use has been confined to the hospital setting. New technology allows us to harvest and produce a sufficient quantity of platelets from a small amount of blood which is drawn from the patient while they are having surgery either at the hospital or in the office. The blood is then centrifuged to create the platelet rich plasma solution. The PRP is then mixed with thrombin and calcium chloride that stimulate the aggregation of platelets.

PRP permits the body to take advantage of the normal healing pathways at a greatly accelerated rate. During the healing process, the body rushes many cells and cell-types to the wound in order to initiate the healing process. One of those cell types is platelets. When platelets arrive at a wound or surgical site, they aggregate or stick together releasing growth factors. These growth factors assist the body in repairing itself by stimulating cells to regenerate new tissue including blood vessels, soft tissue and bone. The more growth factors released and sequestered into the wound, the more cells are stimulated to produce new tissue. Therefore, the use of PRP provides a greater quantity of platelets that would otherwise be present thereby providing a rich source of growth factor factors amplifying the normal healing response. In addition, through the aggregation of the platelets, the PRP provides for a bone graft mixture that congeals together improving handling and the ability to pack and place the bone graft in the desired location and contour.

We use PRP in conjunction with our bone grafting procedures including block grafts, particulate grafting, sinus lifts and ridge augmentation procedures.

PRP has several advantages including:

  • Safety
  • Convenience
  • Faster healing
  • Cost effectiveness
  • Ease of use

 


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